We Chinese have a history of 5,000 years. Sima Qian's "Historical Records" also records ancient history such as "The Five Emperors' Records", "Xia Benji", "Yin Benji" and "Zhou Benji". According to the records of "Historical Records", Chinese civilization should Began in the period of the Five Emperors. The Xia Dynasty existed from 2000 BC to 1600 BC, the Shang Dynasty existed from 1600 BC to 1046 BC, and the Zhou Dynasty existed from 1046 BC to 256 BC. Before Yinxu was not discovered, the world only recognized that China had a history of less than 3,000 years. Archeology proves that the "Historical Records" of the history of the Shang Dynasty, now internationally recognized that China has a history of 3600 years. How to judge the standards of civilization? British scholar Green Daniel's "The First Civilization", the book proposes three standard conditions for identifying civilization.
I have a city
Second, there is text
Buildings with religious sacrifices
In the past century, archaeologists have discovered many cultural sites in China. The earliest cultural site should be the Jiahu site.
Cultural relics found at the Jiahu site
In Jiahu Village, 1.5 km southwest of Beiwudu Town, Wuyang County, Henan Province, this site belongs to the early Neolithic civilization and was named the Jiahu site. According to C14 and luminescence dating, it is about 9000-7500 years ago . The world's earliest "bone flute" was found at the Jiahu site; the world's oldest wine was found; silk protein residues were found, proving that silk originated in China; China was the main source of rice agriculture in the world; Remains of animals such as dogs, pigs, horses, sheep, turtles, cranes, etc., prove that China is the world's earliest domestication of domestic animals; Jiahu people worship witchcraft, and the corresponding burials were found in the tomb, which is the origin of the primitive religion of the world; It was found that the symbol with suspected characters inscribed on the oracle bone was very similar to the inscriptions on the oracle bone in Yin Ruins. It was called the Jiahu inscription. If it can be proved to be a character, it should be the earliest prototype of the character in the world. According to the three standards of civilization, the Jiahu site should be the origin of Chinese civilization.
A Carved Fu Yangshao Culture by Jia Hu